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Updated: Jan 10

The first 'Global Amphibian & Reptile Diseases Conference' (GARD) will be organized in Knoxville (USA) on August 4-10, 2022.

The goal of the GARD 2022 is to bring together scientists from across the globe to discuss various amphibian and reptile diseases, organize facilitated discussions on the similarities and differences among host-pathogen systems, and identify disease management strategies that can be used to ensure the conservation of herpetofauna species for generations to come.


Extinction rates of herpetofauna are 60 times greater than background extinction rates, and 2 – 4 times greater than other vertebrate groups. A primary cause of herpetofauna population declines and species extinctions is emerging infectious diseases. Snake fungal disease, pond turtle shell disease, ranaviral disease and chytridiomycosis are a few of the diseases contributing to local, regional and global die-off events. Although the pathogens and hosts involved in herpetofauna epizootics are diverse, commonalities in factors contributing to disease emergence exist. Humans frequently play a role in amphibian and reptile disease emergence, through the unintentional translocation of pathogens in trade or affecting environmental conditions that influence likelihood of host infection. The future of disease management in herpetofaunal communities will depend on a holistic approach to managing habitat, hosts, and a myriad of factors that impact pathogen transmission. Understanding commonalities among herpetofaunal disease systems is key toward developing robust management strategies that foster resiliency to pathogen invasion.

More information about the conference can be found here.

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